Point Loma is a oceanside neighborhood in San Diego, California. Along with the Coronado peninsula, Point Loma divides San Diego Bay from the Pacific Ocean. Geographically it is a hilly peninsula that is surrounded on the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, east in the San Diego Bay and Old Town and the north by the San Diego River. Neighborhoods in Point Loma consist of single family homes. The bay-side residential area is called La Playa and is north of the original La Playa. La Playa is some of the most high priced luxury homes in San Diego.
Many bayfront homes have custom piers for private boats.
Loma means “hill” in Spanish. Before the original name of the peninsula was La Punta de la Loma de San Diego, meaning the Hill Point of San Diego. This was later changed to Point Loma.
Sunset Cliffs are known as the Point Loma Formation. They contain many fossils, including dinosaur fossils, belonging to the Late Cretaceous period, from 75 million years ago. The formation is one of the sites of dinosaur fossils in California. The Point Loma Formation is a different Cretaceous deposit named the Cabrillo Formation, that crops out in many areas of Point Loma.
The ocean side of the cliffs of the peninsula are clearly undergoing often wearing down due to waves. At the northern end of the cliffs, hills become lower, vanishing completely into the Ocean and the Midway location, where the River runs.
Point Loma was discovered by the Europeans on September 28, 1542 when a Portuguese sailor named Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo departed from Mexico and led an expedition for the Spanish conquist to explore the west coast of what is the United States now. Cabrillo said that San Diego Bay has a very good enclosed port. Historians think he docked his ship on Point Loma’s east shore, most likely at Ballast Point. It was the first ship landing by a European in California in present time, so that Point Loma has been described as where California really began.
Over 200 years passed until a permanent European town was built in San Diego in 1769. Mission San Diego was in the San Diego River valley, however, its port was a beach in the bayside of Point Loma named La Playa meaning panish for beach. Present day on Rosecrans Street follows the road of the historical La Playa Trail, this is the oldest European trail of the West Coast in San Diego. It took you from the Mission and Presidio all the way to La Playa, the ships stationed and docked small boats. in the 1870s, the La Playa beach kept serving as San Diego’s main port until the builing of New Town our current downtown. Sailors in the 1830s camped on the beach at La Playa and gathered wood and rabbits in the Point Loma hills.
The facility with the unique architecture and more different lifestyles was an important benefit for culture and music for locals of San Diego in between 1900 and 1920. Katherine Tingley moved headquarters of the Theosophical Society to Lomaland- a hilltop School in Point Loma looking the ocean view. The campus also experimented with harvesting trees and crops, establishing that formerly empty part of Point Loma to its current heavily wooded character look. In the 1920s, a dirt airport strip known as Dutch Flats in what is presently the Midway community of Point Loma. Where Charles Lindbergh first flew his airplane, The Spirit of St. Louis, Where it was built in San Diego by the Ryan Aeronautical Co.Today is a post office located on the premises but it contains several historical memorials celebrating Dutch Flats and Lindbergh.
A landmark best known in Point Loma is the Old Point Loma Lighthouse, an iconic building usually used to represent the whole city of San Diego county. Located on top of the southern point creating the entry of the bay with Coronado, the modest lighthouse was finished in 1854 and lit for the first time on November 15, 1855. At 422 feet above the sea level, the entrance of the bay thought to be a good location for a lighthouse proved it was a poor decision soon, as low clouds and fog often blocked the light beam from vessels going to sea. The lighthouse stopped being used on March 23, 1891, as a new lighthouse was built near the sea level on the same point. Old Point Loma Lighthouse is now open to the
public and was restored to its historic interior of the 1880’s. It is located in the Cabrillo National Monument, called after Juan R.Cabrillo, the first European sailor to see the San Diego Bay.
A lot of the Midway location is formerly known as marshland where it has been filled in for development. the San Diego River used to run through Midway area into the San Diego Bay, separating Point Loma from San Diego. Fears that San Diego Bay might separate, the river was moved to its current location north of Point Loma by a dam built in 1877.
There are several unique communities in Point Loma peninsula. The retail and commercial heart is named Point Loma Village. Its business shops serve locals as well as yachting and sport fishing activities. The streets of Point Loma Village are filled with hundreds of jacaranda trees because of the neighborhood beautification help.
Liberty Station and Point Loma Village are also landfill , recycled from sand spits and wetlands around the Bay. The last proof of the formerly large wetlands in Point Loma, other from the riverbed, is a city owned nature preserve named Famosa Slough, that branches off from the river around its center.