Chula Vista is the second biggest city in San Diego as well as the 7th biggest city in Southern California. The city is located in the South Bay area of San Diego California. Located only 7 miles from downtown San Diego and 7 miles north from the Tijuana Mexican border, Chula Vista is one of the wealthiest economic and culturally blended areas in the U.S. : The California U.S. Mexico Border area. The city’s population was 227,723, acording to the California Department of Finance estimates in 2007.
Chula Vista can be dated back millions of years through prehistoric fossils of both of the sea and land animal types found. Evidence proves at least 10,000 years of human habitation in the region according to Archaeological scientists. In 3000 B.C., Yuman, native tongue speaking people started traveling into different lands. A lot of the Native American Indians of San Diego presently are direct ancestors of the Kumeyaay people who lived here for thousands of generations.
According to a recent study, there wwas 43,567 families, 57,705 households, and 173,556 locals living in Chula Vista. The density of population was 1,370.9/km². 59,495 housing units available at an common density of 469.9/km² . The racial percentage mix of the city was 10.98% Asian, 4.62% African American, 0.78% Native American, 5.85% from two or more races, 55.10% White, 22.13% from other races, and 0.58% Pacific Islander. Hispanics of any race was 49.59% of the population.
There where 57,705 homes, out of which 40.7% had kids under the age of 18 living at home, 55.7% were married couples, 14.9% had a female with no husbandat home, and 24.5% were non families members. 19.5% of all houses were made up of individuals people and 7.9% had someone living alone who where 65 years or older. The average home size was 2.99 and the regular family size was 3.44.
A fleet of three ships sailed to San Diego Harbor commanded by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo In 1542. Chula Vista area was then a part of a Spanish growing lands for their cattle and horses that was called Rancho del Rey or The King’s Ranch, in 1795. The name was modified by the Mexican government to Rancho de la Nación meaning National Ranch. The ranch covered the area presently known today as Chula Vista, Bonita, National City, Sweetwater Valley and the Sunnyside. Rancho de la Nación was given to John Forster, he was related to the Mexican governor Pio Pico in 1845.
The population in the city was distributed out with 28.7% under 18 years old, 9.4% from ages 18 to 24, 31.6% from ages 25 to 44, 19.3% from ages 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were ages 65 years old or older. The average age was 33 years old. For every 200 woman there were 188.6 men. men. For every 200 women 18 years and over, there were 180.8 men.
The average income for a home in Chula Vista was $44,861, and the average income for a family was $50,136. Men had an average income of $36,812 vs $28,430 for women. The per capita income for Chula Vista was $18,556. Around 8.6% of families and 10.6% of the residents were below the line of poverty, also as well as 13.0% of those under 18 years and 9.2% of those 65 years or older.
Established in the 1800s, Chula Vista is growing at a quick pace. It is the second largest city in the County of San Diego, Chula Vista has rapidly become a very popular location for many tourists. The United States Olympic Training centers are in the city of Chula Vista, it is one of the U.S. few year round Olympic centers that are opened. Other Popular tourist places are the Knott’s Soak City USA, Cricket Wireless Amphitheater, the Chula Vista Nature Center, the Chula Vista marina as well as golf courses.
In 1889, ten homes were built and land sales were fantastic. Thus, the city of Chula Vista was born. A local resident, James D. Schulyer, suggested the name Chula Vista for the city and the San Diego Land and Town Company accepted it. Chula Vista can be means beautiful view in Spanish. The Sweetwater Dam was completed in 1888, bringing water to Chula Vista residents and their productive lands. Chula Vista later became the biggest lemon growing part of the world for many years. Every Year in present day the Lemon Festival takes place in old Downtown Chula Vista. The railroad was built to bring together Chula Vista, National City, San Diego, and Otay. This railroad, called the Otay Railroad and National City thrived for a long period of time. The State of California on October 17, 1911, approved the Act of Incorporation Chula Vista in November, an election was held in Chula Vista to incorporate and it was voted in the people’s favor. The Chula Vista Board of Trustees had an election at the building of the People’s State Bank and E.T. Smith was voted President.
The Great Depression impacted Chula Vista dramatically, agriculture still supplied mass income for the locals. World War II guided changes that would change Chula Vista forever. The main reason was the moving of the Corporation of Rohr Aircraft to Chula Vista in 1941, months before Pearl Harbor attack. The Rohr Company hired 9,000 people in the area at the top of the WWII production. There was a high demand for housing, the land never went back to being orchard groves. The two sites in Chula Vista for wartime home areas where The Chula Vista Shopping Center and Hilltop Middle School. The number of residents before World War II Chula Vista tripled from 5,000 locals in 1940 to well over 16,000 in 1950.
In the next decades, Chula Vista proceeded to grow to the east. Projects of home developments such as Rancho del Rey, Eastlake, and Otay Ranch communities. Chula Vista had
200,000 residents in 2003 and was the second largest city in San Diego. While the town continues to expand, it drives for a balance of beautiful neighborhoods and strong businesses as well as having a feel of small town values in which it was created.
Chula Vista is rapidly growing, with developments in the Otay Valley closeby the U.S. Olympic Training Center and Otay Lake. Many new houses have been established in the Lomas Verdes, Otay Mesa Areas, Rancho Del Rey, Eastlake and Otay Ranch. The state route 125 Expressway, is a toll road connection opened on November 19, 2007. It connects higways 805 and 905 with
Route 54, finally connecting the places nearest to the border to locations of East County, also creating a connection to Interstates 94 and 8 .
Chula Vista is in talks to have a university in the city. A UC or Cal State has been discussed but also private schools are in the discussion as well. Plans for a university are paused for now until land is acquired, Southwestern College is located east of the 805 freway on Telegraph Canyon . The bay front in Chula Vista is in progress to develop. There have been discussions for a large hotel to be established on the bay front. Officials in Chula Vista and the San Diego Chargers met on May 30, 2006, to prospectively talk establishing a new Charger’s stadium that would be the home for the San Diego Chargers. However, in June 2009 the Chargers removed Chula Vista as a possible location for a new stadium.